Borno State

Today, the 14th February 2023, we are celebrating this Valentine’s Day with the Crisis Victims Borno Community 


The proposed FEF project aims to ensure emergency affected populations (IDPs, host communities and vulnerable groups) have safe, sufficient, equitable, and dignified access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene services that meets global sphere minimum standards. The project also aims to work on preparedness and respond to any disease outbreaks in targeted, adjacent or closest countries to minimize human suffering.

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3rd Dec. Caring Saturday’s Borno: Another historic success.

Celebrating community diversity at a time when it seems all hope is lost as a result of ethnic crisis. Especially in the North East Nigeria. Frugal Empowerment Foundation, is using her program initiative “Caring Saturday’s” to bring communities together, celebrate diversity, loving and caring for one another as a way to impact the less privileged community and empowering them through their programs initiatives.

7th months Plateau Wash Project by FEF. Thank you all for this journey and supports


The northeast remains highly endemic for diseases and the situation is further exacerbated by unsafe water, inadequate hygiene and sanitary services, with women and children in particular increasingly susceptible to disease outbreaks, including cholera (HRP 2019 -2021) . The plan is for humanitarian partners to continue to deliver life-saving humanitarian assistance and protection prioritizing the most acute needs identified in the HNO.

A joint needs assessment conducted by the Nigeria Joint Response (NJR), a consortium of 5 INGOs, revealed that 40.80% of individuals interviewed across 6 locations (4 camps, 2 host communities) shows that 40.8% buy water for use; 53.0% wait for more than 15 minutes to collect water. Access to latrines is 35.30% while 65% said they do not have soap for domestic use.

A rapid assessment conducted by ZOA in October 2019 shows that Gaps in hygiene promotion, hygiene kits and sanitation facilities continue to be exacerbated by the influx of IDPs into MMC, Jere and Konduga


Location for Project: MMC, Jere and Konduga LGA Borno State, Nigeria  


IOM DTM Assessment Report in August 2019 Reveals that in camps and camps like setting: 96% per cent of displacement sites (up from 95% in the last round of assessment in May), toilets were described as ‘non-hygienic’, while toilets were reported to be in hygienic conditions in only 3 per cent of sites (down from 5%) and none were reportedly non-usable. In Borno, 97 per cent (up from 96%) were reported as non-hygienic. The situation in Borno camps and camps like settings needs urgent attention. However, 97 per cent of host community sites (down from 98%), toilets were described as non-hygienic and good in 3 per cent of sites (up from 2%). Unlike the scenario in camps and camp-like settings, hand pumps are the main source of water in 54 percent (up from 52%) of sites where IDPs are residing with host communities. Borno had the highest reliance on piped water supply, with 70 per cent of sites in that state using piped water as a water source. In fact, in Borno the main source of drinking water was piped water in 70 (down from 75%) per cent of sites, followed by hand pumps in 17 percent (up from 15%) per cent of sites and water trucks in 8 percent (up from 6%) percent of sites. In 22 percent of sites (down from 23%), piped water was the main source of drinking water, followed by protected wells (9% – down from 10%) and unprotected wells (8%). Other common water sources include water trucks (5% – down from 6%) and springs (1%): DTM REPORT ROUND 28 – AUGUST 2019. FRUGAL is as result of WASH gaps currently experienced and observed in IDPs and host communities in Jere, Konduga and MMC LGAs of Borno state. FRUGAL assessment in Konduga, Jere and MMC LGAs of Borno state shows gaps in sanitation facilities (inadequate latrines and dysfunctional ones), open defecation, inadequate access to water supply as well as menstrual hygiene kits.Protection interventions will be mainstreamed into the project and maintain in all the project cycle. FRUGAL will adopt all-inclusive gender ratio of 60:30: 10 (women, men and youths) in the following activities, WASH committee, training, community Hygiene promoters, WASH kits distribution. Also, SGBV and child protection will be part of the training during WASH Committee and Hygiene promoters’ training.


FRUGAL and its implementing partners proposes to increase Equitable and Timely general Hygiene Promotion Awarenessand prevention messages around water borne diseases including cholera using IEC Materials. to 2500 conflict affected individual (women and men, boys and girls)

FRUGAL and its implementing partners will also propose toestablish WASH committee at the IDP camps within the target location which does not have WASH committee and strengthened the existing ones so as to increase the level of the use of safe water, promote good personal, sanitary and menstrualhygiene with the targeted camps within MMC, Jere and Konduga.

FRUGAL and its implementing partners will preposition sanitation cleaning kits that will include latrine cleaning detergents, brooms and buckets to ensure continued care and maintenance of the sanitation facilities.

FRUGAL and its implementing partners proposed to distribute WASH NFIs to camp for cleaning of latrine. 

Project Justification

The FRUGAL will make a significant contribution in terms of providing Hygiene services in MMC and Konduga LGAs in Borno state. FRUGAL will build strong relationship with camp leaders and community groups and developed a good understanding of the context and geographical locations. FRUGAL’s operational presence, office set up and well-organized staffs on the ground are valuable asset to carried out this WASH intervention in the proposed locations.

The FRUGAL has been implementing integrated emergency responses in the project location with a multi-sector response (WASH, GBV, Food Security and Livelihood, Health, Child protection, Peace Building) through its self-funding resources and also open Increased WASH funding so as to reinforce the holistic approaches and will have a significant impact onaddressing the more gap among the target groups.

In the proposed areas (MMC, Jere and Konduga) multipledisplacements occurred as a result of the insurgence in the target location. Populations are not only food insecure but have incrementally reduced access to basic WASH services. FRUGAL is one of the potential WASH partners that are responding to the current needs in two IDPs camp (EYN Church camp Shagari low-cost and Hadiza camp) through its base office in Maiduguri. In these locations, FRUGAL will use its project teams to assess and respond rapidly. In the planed area the people, particularly IDPs and host communities have beensuffering due to insufficiency of essential WASH services. Theyneed Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion support; otherwise thesituation could become even more dire; there would be a high probability of WASH related disease outbreak, which will not be controlled after they start due to the location. Currently, FRUGAL has been putting maximum efforts towards assisting the affected population with the limited self-funded resources, but additional funds are required to meet the needs.   

Overall Project Objective 

Aims to ensure emergency affected populations (IDPs, host communities and vulnerable groups) have safe, sufficient, equitable, and dignified access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene services that meets global sphere minimum standards.

The project objectives are; 

i). To increase safe and equitable access to enough quantity of water for drinking, cooking and for personal/domestic hygiene purposes for both formal and informal camps hosting new arrivals and host communities in Yobe and Borno states.

ii). To promote good hygiene practice (user friendly and gender appropriate kits) among the conflict affected population campsand host communities in the project locations/LGAs.

Cluster Objective

2015 SSO 2: Affected people have access to safe, sanitary, andhygienic living environment through provision of sanitationservices that are secure, sanitary, user-friendly and gender-appropriate

2015 SSO 3: Affected people have access to improved hygienic practices, hygiene promotion and delivery of hygiene productsand services on a sustainable and equitable basis

Strategic Response Plan (SRP) objectives

SO 1: Save lives and alleviate suffering by providing multi-sector assistance to people in need

Expected Outcome

The conflict affected IDPs and host communities will haveaccess to essential hygiene kits and key information on safehygiene practices enable them to protect themselves and theirfamily form water related preventable diseases and other hygiene related diseases. 

Output• The project seeks to reached out to 2,500 conflict affected population with hygiene promotion messages through awareness and sensitization. • the project seeks to distribute WASH NFI to camps within the project location where these beneficiaries are residing.• The project seeks to established and strengthened WASHcommittee to camps within the project location

Means of Verification:

Weekly monitoring reports, Monthly progress report, Photos

Monitoring and Evaluation

Program Manager is employed to supervise each location. These Program Managers will be responsible for the technical training of recruited staff, and will then oversee day-to-day activities of their program in the relevant site. Program Manager will coordinate with the Field officer in each location, with support from the FRUGAL Deputy Director of Field Management. The FRUGAL will deploy dedicated emergency team coordinator to support the scale up and provide support. The FRUGAL’s dedicated technical units for WASH, nutrition and health will provide additional technical support to ensure that the project is adhering to global best practices.

Program Managers will use existing monitoring and data collection tools developed by relevant clusters, and adapt them to monitor project activities effectively in each operating context. They will submit monthly reports on project activities and progress toward targets; these reports will also include updates on the programming context and recommendations for humanitarian actors. In case of distribution FRUGAL will carry out post distribution monitoring (PDM). Data collection will be done by the FRUGAL WASH staffs in participation with volunteer community workers.

The project evaluation will be jointly helped with all stakeholders including WASH sectors, donors and community leaders and camp leaders in the project area, beneficiaries and relevant government counterparts.

Indicators for evaluation include• Financial system:- cost effectiveness and budget utilization • # of conflicts affected population (Men and Women, Boys and Girls) mobilized, sensitized on hygiene promotion awareness strengthening.• # of IDP Camps reached through the WASH NFI for latrine cleaning and waste management.• # of Conflict affected households that have access to hygiene kits• # of women and girls of reproductive age reached through menstrual hygiene awareness and sensitization.• # of FGD sessions conducted on menstrual hygiene promotion and management

We understand the challenges community is currently going through at Borno State as a result of the insurgency. And we knew among these crisis victims are children, men and women. Therefore are doing everything we can to help. Support Crisis Victims Borno weekly/Monthly at



9 thoughts on “Borno State

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